A good photograph is something that just about anyone can master. Taking a little time and effort to understand simple things such as how a camera functions, how to compose a photo and how light affects a subject can result in a stunning, professional-grade image. Once these tips are mastered, go to www.saatchionline.com for inspirational photography and more.
Know the camera
Tip one:Before the proverbial shutter clicks, it is necessary for the photographer to know the camera he or she is working with. Taking time read a camera manual will pay off in the long run. For example, knowing how to turn the flash on and off and how to set the camera into automatic or P (program) mode are simple but vital functions that are commonly ignored. This brings us to tip two: The advances that have been made in digital cameras mean that we can trust most devices to take a decent shot using an automatic setting. If you have a good camera, chances are an automatic setting can be trusted in most cases.
Composition is everything:
Tip three: Try to picture the photo you want to take in your mind before framing the shot in your viewfinder. While setting up a shot, consider tip four: be conscious of any dominating horizontal or vertical lines in the photo that will cut the image in half. Be careful to position human subjects in a way that avoids, for example, trees growing out of heads or other visual flubs that will ruin the image. Consider ways to reduce distracting background clutter. Tip four: Don’t be afraid to fill the frame with the subject. If you can’t get close to a subject – on a safari, for example – and are using a good digital camera, don’t fret: set the camera to the highest resolution possible and crop the image later using a software program.
Shake, shake, shake
Number five is a hands-on tip. The longer the photographer holds up the camera, the the arms shake, resulting in a blurry image – especially when a low shutter speed is being used. Composing a photo in the mind beforehand, as suggested above, will prevent the shaky arms that come from painstakingly aligning a shot in the viewfinder. Tip six: people tend to tense their bodies when they push the shutter button, which can cause the arms and shoulders to shudder. Be aware of this and try to consciously relax the body before you press that button.
Tip seven: many cameras nowadays have a white balance setting that aims to compensate for colors in the atmosphere caused by different types of lighting. Learn how the white balance works – for example a “cloudy” setting will result in warmer whites and colors when the photo is taken in a natural light. And tip eight can’t be ignored: learn how to read and understand light and how it affects photos. The best way to achieve this is to carry your camera with you and experiment with light by taking photos throughout the day. Also, try as often as possible to take photos without a flash, which can cause unsightly reflections in bad lighting and make your photos appear washed out. Remember that turning off the flash will result in a lower shutter speed, so hold that camera steadily.
Get the red out
Tips nine and ten concern the enemy of photographers the world over: the dreaded red eye. Tip nine: when taking pictures in bad light or darkness, photograph subjects when they are looking away from the camera or encourage them to do so if possible. Alternatively, try tip ten, and aim the camera slightly upwards and above your subjects’ heads instead of straight at them, which will prevent red-eye. This will work particularly well if the walls are light-colored.